Trading Tools and Strategies

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  • How To Determine A Trading Range

    Placing price action into a manageable context is an essential part of crafting strong trading decisions. To accomplish this task, many traders rely upon technical analysis. Through the study of past and present price action, technicians can build strategies designed to capitalise on favourable market conditions. Range trading is an exceedingly popular category of such strategies. Market structure comes in two basic forms: trending and range bound. Trending markets are…

  • Bear Hug

    What Is A Bear Hug? A "bear hug" is a buyout offer by one company for another that is so attractive that the target company has little choice but to accept it. Bear hug bids are usually well above the target company's prevailing market value and may include cash as an additional sweetener. While bear hugs are almost always unsolicited, they are not considered to be hostile because the offer…

  • ESG Investing

    What Is ESG Investing? ESG (environmental, social and governance) investing is a process that takes nonfinancial factors into an investment decision, rather than simply an asset's estimated financial return. ESG is also sometimes known as socially responsible, sustainable and mission-related investing, although they are not identical. Rather than simply avoiding or boycotting companies for moral or ethical reasons, such as shunning companies that make or sell tobacco, alcohol, firearms or…

  • Dogs Of The Dow

    What Is "Dogs Of The Dow"? The Dogs of the Dow is an investment strategy that involves buying the 10 stocks in the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) with the highest dividend ratios relative to their price. The term "dogs" derives from a similar strategy that calls for investing in the 10 worst performing stocks in the Dow from the previous year. Generally, though, the stocks in both lists are…

  • What Is Contango?

    In the standardised trade of futures, participants buy and sell contracts in an attempt to secure marketshare. The phenomenon of contango is a prime example of how the process of price discovery works and how the expectations of market participants influence asset value. Contango Defined Pricing derivative products, such as futures and options, is dependent on three factors: asset class, quantity and time. In the case of futures, a contract's…

  • Order Book

    An order book is a real-time and continuously updated list of buy and sell orders on an exchange. It is used for specific financial assets, such as a stock or currency, and can be used to determine the price support for the asset in question.

  • Strategy Evaluation using the Sharpe and Sortino Ratios

    Successful traders approach trading with a clearly defined and thoroughly tested strategy. Most traders evaluate the hypothetical future performance of their strategy by measuring the profit or loss of the strategy run on historical data. But is measuring historical profitability enough? Historical profitability provides only a small piece of information about a trading strategy, while another factor that may be important to a trader is the riskiness of their strategy. The…


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