Investing Terms

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  • Discount Window

    What Is A Discount Window? The discount window is the mechanism through which central banks lend short-term money to the commercial banks under their authority, both to provide liquidity to the financial system and to manage their monetary policies. In the U.S., commercial banks—both based in the country and foreign-based—can borrow from the discount window at the 12 regional Federal Reserve Banks located around the country. Each of the 12…

  • How Does COVID-19 Pandemic Affect Emerging Market Currencies?

    Throughout the COVID-19 pandemic of 2020, emerging market (EM) currencies faced a collection of unprecedented challenges. As a result, many EM currencies experienced a swift devaluation due to falling commodity prices and a large-scale migration to financial safe-havens. Although renowned for their volatility, these currencies encountered extreme forex turbulence as COVID-19 brought the global economy to a standstill. What Is An Emerging Market Currency? An EM currency is one that…

  • How Does COVID-19 Impact Gold Prices?

    During periods of crisis, gold has proven to be a time-honored safe-haven asset. Scarcity and built-in utility have made the yellow metal a sought after commodity throughout recorded human history. Whether in physical or paper form, gold bullion is the world's go to financial hedge against uncertainty. Gold's validity as a financial safe-haven underwent a formidable test during the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic of 2020. Traders, investors, central banks and…

  • Top South African Gold Mining Companies

    Over the course of human history, gold (XAU/USD) has played a wide range of tangible and financial roles. Whether as a means of exchange, artisan medium, or store of wealth, acquiring bullion piques the interest of people from all walks of life. South Africa (SA) is among international leaders in gold exploration and production. Surveys from Thomson Reuters show SA to rank 8th globally in production of bullion, just ahead…

  • What Causes Volatility In The South African Rand?

    The South African rand (ZAR) is a free-floating currency, local to Africa's second-largest economy. Operating without a commodity or currency peg, the rand's value is relative to evolving levels of supply and demand. As individuals, banks, corporations and foreign nations stockpile the rand, it appreciates in value. Conversely, a perceived lack of worth depresses demand, leading to bearish pressure being placed on the ZAR's forex performance. According to the Bank…

  • Is The South African Rand A Commodity Currency?

    According to the Bank of International Settlements' (BIS), the foreign exchange market accounts for US$6.6 trillion in aggregate daily turnover. Monies of all types contribute to this enormous figure, making the forex the largest marketplace in the world. Among the most prominent are the major, minor, exotic and commodity currencies. By definition, a commodity currency (also known as "commodity dollar" or "comdoll") is one that exhibits a quantifiable correlation to…

  • How Does An Oil Price War Impact The Markets?

    On 8 March 2020, Russia and Saudi Arabia initiated the first large-scale oil price war since 2014. Following a breakdown of negotiations between the OPEC+ members, there were extreme price cuts and production hikes. Subsequently, global oil values swiftly collapsed, led by a sudden 33.8% loss in U.S. benchmark West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil futures. The price destruction of the 8-9 March 2020 trading session was not confined to…

  • CAPE Ratio

    What Is The CAPE Ratio? The cyclically-adjusted price-to-earnings (CAPE) ratio is a variation on the standard price-to-earnings (PE) ratio that seeks to determine if stocks are in a bubble. While the more common PE ratio measures a stock or stock index's valuation over the next year or so, the CAPE ratio is calculated by using an average of corporate earnings over the past 10 years, adjusted for inflation. By using…

  • How Does The US Presidential Electoral Process Impact The Forex?

    Since 1788, every fourth year has brought an election for the Presidency of the United States. During such years, candidates from all walks of life dedicate their time, money and effort in an attempt to earn the highest American political office. While only a select few ever become the President of the United States (POTUS), the electoral process in itself is an institution. Presidential elections are often turning points in…

  • How Do Virus Outbreaks Affect The Forex?

    Historically, the outbreak of a rapidly spreading and life-threatening virus can quickly send global markets into chaos. Negative economic consequences are typically felt as trade and travel restrictions, as well as increased social welfare costs, spike investor trepidation. 2020 brought a harsh reminder of how devastating a viral outbreak can be with introduction of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19). Disease Outbreaks And The Markets According to the World Health Organization (WHO),…

  • Wall Of Worry

    What Is The Wall Of Worry? The "wall of worry" refers to a tendency in financial markets for stocks to rise in the face of seemingly difficult or insurmountable problems. It usually turns out, however, that these problems—though serious—are temporary and eventually resolved or able to be put off to the future. Generally, stocks are able to "climb the wall of worry" because many investors see potential problems as a…

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