Bitcoin is a global form of digital currency. Unlike traditional currencies, which were frequently backed by gold and silver, bitcoin is based on distributed computing. While traditional currencies are printed by central banks, bitcoins are created or "mined" by distributed computer networks.
Bitcoin differs from traditional currencies is that it is decentralized, meaning that it is not controlled by any single institution. As a result, miners around the world create new units of the currency and confirm its transactions.
Ethereum, is a decentralised platform that runs smart contracts.
Ether is the digital currency used by Ethereum. Ether is the fuel or "gas" used to pay for transactions made on the Ethereum platform. Ether gives participants a reason to contribute resources used by the platform, thereby ensuring a robust network. Further, it provides developers with incentive to write efficient code, as inefficient software programs are more expensive.
Litecoin is an open-source, decentralized digital currency that was created in 2011 using code from a Bitcoin client. Because of the close relationship between the two, many have described Litecoin as being the Silver to Bitcoin's gold.
Bitcoin Cash ABC (BCH/USD)
Bitcoin Cash is a cryptocurrency that forked from Bitcoin in 2017. It's one major difference in that the blocks in bitcoin cash's blockchain allow far more space and therefore have the capacity to hold significantly more transactions.
Ripple is a cryptocurrency platform that facilitates exchange between participants via the online space. However, unlike Bitcoin and Litecoin instead of the primary objective being the creation of a decentralized and anonymous peer-to-peer mode of transfer, the target audiences for XRP are traditional banking institutions and is used to settle cross-border and cross-bank transactions transparently.
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